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中国轨道交通列车运行控制技术及应用
作者:宁滨1 刘朝英2 
单位:1北京交通大学,北京 100044;2中国铁路总公司,北京 100844
关键词:高速铁路 城市轨道交通 列车运行控制系统 
分类号:
出版年·卷·期(页码):2017·39·第2期(1-9)
摘要:

中国的轨道交通在近十年中获得了飞速发展,城市轨道交通有效解决了市内交通供需矛盾,高速铁路的发展则给城市间的交通带来了同城效应和零换乘的理念。但无论如何,轨道交通的安全运营是其发展的重中之重。列车运行控制系统是确保轨道交通安全的关键技术之一,在我国得到了快速地自主创新发展。本文详细介绍了中国铁路列车运行控制系统(CTCS)技术和城市轨道交通基于通信的列车运行控制系统(CBTC)技术。为实现综合轨道交通网络的互联互通,轨道交通的低碳节能运营、自动化和智能化运营,实现资源共享的网络化运营模式,轨道交通列车运行控制系统将向着系统化、网络化、智能化、通信信号一体化和标准化、开放化的方向发展,通过降低系统复杂性、缩短列车追踪间隔、提高系统防护水平等技术降低成本,提高运能和旅客满意度,保证轨道交通的安全性和可靠性,最终实现安全、高效、绿色出行。

 

With the rapid development of rail transit system in China in recent ten years,the problem of heavy traffic in cities has been solved effectively.The development of high-speed railway in China has resulted in none-transfer between the cities and changed the traditional concepts of time and space.However,safe operation is the most important for the development of rail transit.The train control system,as one of the key technologies to ensure the safety of the rail transit,has beenunder rapid development in China through independent innovation.The train operation control system used in China railway(CTCS) and the communication-based train control system used in China urban rail transit(CBTC) were described in this paper.In order to satisfy the requirements of connectivity for integrated rail transit network,low carbon energy efficient,automated and intelligent operation of rail transit system,and the network operation mode based on resource sharing,the train operation control system of the rail transit will developtowards systematization,information networking,intelligence,communication & signal integration,standardization andopenness.The reduction of the complexity of the system,the shortening of the train tracking interval,and the improvement of system protection level will lead to the reduction of the cost and carbon footprint and the improvement of transport capacity and passenger satisfaction,which will ensure the safety and reliability of rail transit,and ultimatelyachieve safe,efficient and green travel.
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